DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT
Europa, Asia and North Africa, lives in grassy savanna areas, forests, agricultural areas, shrublands and swamps.
They are most active in the early morning and late afternoon. They are gregarious, forming herds of 6-20 individuals, include a several females and their offspring. Males are solitary, after reaching maturity they join groups only during mating.
Lifespan: up to 10 years in the wild and up to 27 years in human care.
They are omnivorous. They feed mainly on fruits, seeds, roots, tubers and other vegetable matter. Plant matter constitutes about 90% of their diet. They also eat bird eggs, carrion, small rodents, insects, and worms.
Gestation period lasts 108 to 120 days, each litter consists of 5 to 6 piglets on average. The lactation period lasts 2–3 months, piglets eat adult food at the age of 2–3 weeks. Young have yellowish and brown stripes running the length of their back, enabling them to remain concealed within undergrowth and in their nest. Male boars leave their herd at the age of 8–15 months, females remain with their mothers or form new group at nearby territories.
GOOD TO KNOW
Wild boars have a very good sense of smell and hearing and poor eyesight.
- Latin name: Sus Scrofa
- IUCN Red List – LC – Least concern