South American Tapir can be found near water in humid, low -lying forests. It is an excellent swimmer for whom frequent bathing is a means of riding itself of skin parasites and a way of hiding from land predators such as jaguars or cougars. Despite its misleadingly short trunk, tapirs are not related to elephants but are a representative of odd-toed ungulates (along with horses and rhinos).
- Latin name: Tapirus terrestris
- IUCN Red List – VU- Vurnerable
- CITES – Appendix II
- ESB – Species or subspecies for which regional, European studbook exists.