It is an endemic bird that used to live in Indonesia on the islands of Seram, Ambon, Saparua and Haruku in the south of Maluku Islands. Unfortunately, the number of birds decreased, especially in the 1990s. Today almost the entire population lives on the island of Seram and is no longer as numerous as it used to be. The main reason for this adversity is the popularity of the cockatoo as an animal kept in cages at home.
The cockatoo is a sedentary bird. It inhabits lowland forests, where it seeks food, shelter and tree hollows necessary for breeding. It prefers primeval forests and likes fig trees. The diet of this cockatoo consists of berries, nuts, seeds, coconuts as well as insects and their larvae. It can hold the food with its leg while its beak splits the hard chunks. These parrots mate for life and they can breed at any time of the year. Parents take turns to sit on 2 eggs from which chicks hatch after 28 days.
- Latin name: Cacatua moluccensis
- IUCN Red List – VU – Vulnerable
- CITES – Appendix I
- EEP – European Endangered Species Program