The Maned Wolf inhabits the grasslands and wet fields of central South America. Standing at almost a metre tall, it is the largest canine in South America. These gentle and very timid wolves are solitary by nature. Omnivorous, eating principally fruits, vegetables and small – to medium-sized vertebrates. It preys on small birds, rodents and frogs. The Maned wolf’s small teeth and jaws make it hard for it to kill large prey. Due to the wolf’s threat to domestic poultry, farmers also hunt it as a pest. Some local people attribute mystical qualities to several parts of the wolf’s anatomy (eyes, skin, tail) and still hunt this threatened species in order to use these parts as ‘talisman’ or for medicinal remedies.
- Latin name: Chrysocyon brachyurus
- IUCN Red List NT – Lower Risk – near threatened
- CITES Appendix II.