Alpacas are widespread, comely animals that are bred in South America, living their lives partly in the wild and partly domesticated. They graze in pastures at 4000-4700 m above sea level. Having a relatively big heart (bigger than in other mammals), the alpaca is able to live at great heights such as these. Alpacas were originally domesticated by the Incas, their fine wool (with a diameter of a mere 12- 28 microns) was (and still is) used for clothing and blankets.
- Latin name: Lama pacos